Melancholy may refer to:

  • Melancholia, one of the four temperaments in pre-modern medicine and proto-psychology, representing a state of low mood
  • Depression (mood), a state of low mood, also known as melancholy
  • Major depressive disorder, a mood disorder historically called melancholy
  • Melancholy (album), a 1999 live free jazz album by Cecil Taylor's Workshop Ensemble
  • The Melancholy E.P., a 1999 EP by American heavy metal band Iced Earth containing the song "Melancholy (Holy Martyr)"
  • Melancholy (Edvard Munch), an 1893 painting by Edvard Munch

"Better by far to embrace the hard truth than a reassuring fable."
Carl Sagan
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